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By Michael LaBossiere

30 Fallacies is a spouse publication for forty two Fallacies. forty two Fallacies isn't really, although, required to take advantage of this booklet. It offers concise descriptions and examples of thirty universal casual fallacies.

Accent, Fallacy of
Accident, Fallacy of
Amphiboly, Fallacy of
Appeal to Envy
Appeal to team Identity
Appeal to Guilt
Appeal to Silence
Appeal to Vanity/Elitism
Argumentum advert Hitlerum
Complex Question
Confusing motives and Excuses
Cum Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Equivocation, Fallacy of
Fallacious Example
Fallacy Fallacy
Historian’s Fallacy
Illicit Conversion
Incomplete Evidence
Moving the objective Posts
Oversimplified Cause
Overconfident Inference from Unknown Statistics
Pathetic Fallacy
Positive advert Hominem
Proving X, Concluding Y
Psychologist's fallacy
Rationalization
Reification, Fallacy of
Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy
Victim Fallacy
Weak Analogy

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Example text

David: “Sure. I went to the original texts and found all the references made to Christianity by the founding fathers that match fundamentalist ideas. I found quite a few and they clearly serve as evidence for my thesis. ” Thomas: “Hmm, that is interesting. ” David: “Well, no. My thesis is that they held to fundamentalist views. Why would I bother looking for evidence that they were not?

Jon: “Aha! I just read about fallacies on the internet and you, my fine fellow, have just committed an ad hominem! ” Example #2 Sally: “Why should you believe in God? ” Jane: “But why should I believe the bible? ” Jane: “Hey, you are just assuming what you need to prove. That isn’t a good argument at all! ” Historian’s Fallacy Also Known as: Hindsight Fallacy Description: This fallacy, which is credited to David Hackett Fischer, occurs when it is assumed that people in the past viewed events with the same information or perspective as those analyzing these past events from a (relative) future.

Freedom of the press, babycakes. ” Example #3 1. Birds fly. 2. Penguins are birds. 3. Therefore, penguins fly. Amphiboly, Fallacy of Description: This fallacy occurs when a conclusion is drawn from a premise or premises that are ambiguous due to their grammatical structure. This fallacy has the following form: 3) Grammatically ambiguous premises are presented. 4) Conclusion C is drawn from these premises. Amphiboly is a specific type of ambiguity caused by grammatical structure. Briefly put, something is ambiguous when it has two or more meanings and the context does not make it clear which is intended.

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30 More Fallacies by Michael LaBossiere


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