Get A Century of Science Publishing: A Collection of Essays PDF

By Einar H. Fredriksson

ISBN-10: 1441601422

ISBN-13: 9781441601421

ISBN-10: 1586031481

ISBN-13: 9781586031480

Publishers and observers of the technology publishing scene remark in essay shape on key advancements during the twentieth century. the size of the worldwide learn attempt and its business association have led to massive raises within the released quantity, in addition to new thoughts for its dealing with. the previous languages of technology conversation, like Latin and German, have given option to English. The domination of eu technology prior to international battle II has been via huge efforts in North the United States and the some distance East. The roots of the nationwide Library of drugs lie within the US military scientific library, the USA battle attempt gave upward thrust to hypertext, and the united states safeguard response to the Soviet Sputnik led to the web. the ecu invention of the internet has additionally replaced the technology publishing scene some time past few years. a few attribute publishing organisations, advertisement and society owned, are defined in a chain of articles. those are via research of advancements and attainable alterations to return. capabilities of publishers, librarians and brokers are introduced into context. the way forward for publishing is being debated on open channels, whereas the historic size enter are often missing.

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German scientists were not admitted to a number of international congresses. The use of the German language was also forbidden, which was still the dominant scientific language for Dutch and Scandinavian scientists. Also these restrictions (lifted under the Locarno Pact of 1926) clearly hindered to a large degree the export of German science literature. Germany was essentially excluded from scientific communication for 12 years. Therefore, it is a sign of the world standard of German science that from 1918 to 1933 again one third of all Nobel prizes for physics, chemistry and medicine were awarded to German scientists: 1918: Max Planck (Ph) 1918: Fritz Haber (Ch) 1919: Johannes Starck (Ph) 1920: Walter Nernst (Ch) 1921: Albert Einstein (Ph) 1922: Otto Meyerhof (Med) 1925: James Franck (Ph) 1925: Gustav Hertz (Ph) 1925: Richard Zsigmondi (Ch) 1927: Heinrich Wieland (Ch) 1928: Adolf Windaus (Ch) 1930: Hans Fischer (Ch) 1931: Robert Bosch (Ch) 1931: Friedrich Bergius (Ch) 1931: Otto Warburg (Med) 1932: Werner Heisenberg (Ph) After the end of WWI there was a significant gain in prestige for German exporters in that orders from enemy states’ libraries had not been cancelled but stored up.

It was now also noticeable that foreign publishers began establishing journals, which started to compete with German journals. 3% of turnover in the year 1931 [9] to 19% in 1941 and 12% in 1942. In this context it should be noted that exports — be it in strongly reduced quantities — to countries with which Germany was now at war were conducted through book traders in neutral foreign countries, for instance Switzerland or Sweden. The shortsightedness of the German authorities can be illustrated by the fact that in November 1939 they pointed to the importance of exports of science literature to neutral states which continued to be subsidized.

A general meeting of the Ohm society was held on August 27 at the EE School. The first board of directors comprised Senior Managing Director Namioka (later to become the second representative director of the company), Directors Oogimoto and Kato, and Auditor Sakuma. The office of president was left vacant. The senior managing director served as the representative director. When the capital was increased by ¥ 20,000 to a total of ¥ 50,000 in 1924, the management of related electrical companies and college professors as well as a certain number of Ohm subscribers were invited to become shareholders (a rare practice even now).

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A Century of Science Publishing: A Collection of Essays by Einar H. Fredriksson


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