By Simon Hornblower
This can be the 1st quantity of a two-volume ancient and literary statement at the 8 books of Thucydides, the good fifth-century B.C. historian of the Peloponnesian struggle among Athens and Sparta. Exploring either the old and literary facets of the paintings, this statement offers translations of each passage or word of Greek commented on and permits readers with little wisdom of the language to understand the element of Thucydides' paintings. Making available the aspect of Thucydides' inspiration and material, this can be the 1st entire observation written by means of a unmarried writer this century.
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Extra resources for A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume 1: Books I - III
G. R. Drews, ‘The First Tyrants in Greece’, Historia, 21 (1972), 130, can even write ‘the economic explanation for the rise of the Greek tyrants has no classical antecedents and was first formulated in the nineteenth century’. He never mentions Th. i. 13 at all. The economic explanation however returns to favour in Oswyn Murray, Early Greece (London, 1980). It is worth noting that Th. here gives no support whatever to the very influential theory which explains the rise of tyrants by reference to their support among hoplites, formulated in M.
Salmon, BSA 67 (1972), 199 and n. 13 7 —with Corinth. (See below, 103. , for the most serious such dispute). Thus Orsippos is an early example of a phenomenon we shall meet again (126. ): an athlete, probably an aristocrat, who achieved success in other ways too. For Greek athletic nakedness see H. A. ; see also his Sport in Greece and Rome (London, 1972), i9f. He observes that ‘the Greeks always regarded their own readiness to appear naked before their fellows as one of the traits which marked them out from the barbarians’.
4, or had towers, irvpyoi: R. Osborne, Classical Landscape with Figures (above, 2. ), 67. F. , has a useful discussion of the present passage. The actual situation of the earliest colonial Greek cities was rather different. Here the early pattern was for an off-shore island to be occupied and then for the colonists to establish a bridgehead and move across permanently when they were strong enough to maintain themselves against native resistance. A good example is the settlement, in c 750, first of the island of Pithecusae in the Bay of Naples, then of Cumae on the mainland: ‘primo in insulas Aenariam et Pithecusas egressi, deinde in continentem ausi sedes transferre’, Livy, viii.
A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume 1: Books I - III by Simon Hornblower