By Barbara W. Tuchman
"Wise, witty, and lovely . . . a superb booklet, in an outstanding ancient tradition." Commentary
The 14th century offers us again contradictory photographs: a glittering time of crusades and castles, cathedrals and chivalry, and a gloomy time of ferocity and religious discomfort, a global plunged right into a chaos of conflict, worry and the Plague. Barbara Tuchman anatomizes the century, revealing either the good rhythms of heritage and the grain and texture of household existence because it used to be lived.
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Extra info for A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
Our decision to translate all of the fully preserved books (1 to 5) was not difficult: these books show Polybius in full working mode as a historian, and to excerpt them could easily distort the reader’s impression of Polybius’ method. Then again, many would regard the two most famous parts of the Histories as what he says about the Roman system of government in Book 6 and about the writing of history in Book 12, and so these books were included in their fragmentary totality. It seemed perverse to make them any more fragmentary than they already are by extracting passages.
C. Yardley, ed. Waldemar Heckel. —— Rome’s Mediterranean Empire (Books 41–45 and the Periochae), trans. and ed. Jane D. Chaplin. Machiavelli, Niccolò, Discourses on Livy, trans. and ed. Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. CHRONOLOGY All dates are bc. 390 371 359–336 336–323 323–301 316–289 280–275 264–241 241–238 238 235–222 229–228 229–222 229–221 225–222 223–187 221–204 221–179 220–217 219 218–202 217 216 214–205 204–180 200–197 Sack of Rome by Gauls. Battle of Leuctra: Epaminondas of Thebes defeats Sparta.
War of Carthage against her mercenaries. Rome seizes Sardinia. Reign of Cleomenes III of Sparta. First Illyrian War: Rome vs. Illyria. The Cleomenean War, ending with Cleomenes’ defeat at the battle of Sellasia. Reign of Antigonus Doson of Macedon. Rome’s war against the Celts of northern Italy. Reign of Antiochus III of Syria. Reign of Ptolemy IV of Egypt. Reign of Philip V of Macedon. Social War in Greece: Philip V of Macedon and Achaean League vs. Aetolian League. Second Illyrian War: Rome vs.
A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century by Barbara W. Tuchman