Read e-book online A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated PDF

By Michael Axworthy

ISBN-10: 0465098770

ISBN-13: 9780465098774

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one within which basically 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's spiritual tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of existence: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to at least one of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic international, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A historical past of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy background of this complicated state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In enticing prose, this revised version explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the planet, bringing us up smooth occasions.

Concluding with an overview of the mammoth alterations the state has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A heritage of Iran bargains normal readers a necessary advisor to knowing this risky kingdom, that is once more on the heart of the world's awareness.

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Qxp_Layout 1 3/7/16 9:36 AM Page 38 38 A History of Iran (Book of Kings). Like Rostam, Suren hailed from Sistan (originally Sakastan—the land of the Sakae), and like Rostam, he also had a troubled relationship with his king. Orodes was so resentful of Suren’s victory that he had him murdered. The defeat at Carrhae was a great blow to Roman prestige in the east, and after it the Parthians were able to extend their control to include Armenia. But in the fiercely competitive environment of Rome toward the end of the republic, the defeat, humiliation, and death of Crassus were a challenge as much as a warning.

Qxp_Layout 1 3/7/16 9:36 AM Page 18 18 A History of Iran territory. Whatever the true nature of the rebellion and its origins, it was no simple palace coup, affecting only a few members of the elite. It was just the first of several religious revolutions, or attempted revolutions, in Iran’s history. And it was no pushover. Bisitun was chosen for Darius’s grand rock-carving because it was a high place, perhaps already associated with the sacred, close by where he and his companions had killed Gaumata/Bardiya.

As far as Assur and Susa, Agade, Eshnunna, the towns of Zamban, Me-Turnu, Der as well as the region of the Gutians, I returned to these sanctuaries on the other side of the Tigris, the sanctuaries of which had been ruins for a long time, the images which used to live therein and established for them permanent sanctuaries. I also gathered all their former inhabitants and returned to them their habitations. 12 Like the proud declarations of Sennacherib, this is propaganda—but it is propaganda of a different kind.

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A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition) by Michael Axworthy

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