By M.C. Ricklefs
Famous because the so much authoritative normal account of Indonesia, the world's fourth such a lot populous state, from the arriving of Islam c.1200 to at the present time, this publication covers the wealthy heritage of the Indonesian archipelago with a spotlight on indigenous affairs. Merle Ricklefs poses the query of ways different yet similar linguistic and ethnic groups got here to shape the unitary Republic of Indonesia, and sheds very important mild at the crises and demanding situations dealing with this colossal kingdom. For this 3rd version, Ricklefs has extra chapters at the Soeharto interval after 1975, on Indonesia considering the fact that Soeharto, and on western Indonesia within the seventeenth and 18th centuries. different revisions are discovered during the ebook, and the bibliography has been completely up to date.
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Additional info for A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200
The Desawarnana makes no mention of Islam, although as was seen in Chapter 1 there were apparently Muslim courtiers by this time. Although the detailed history of Majapahit requires further research, it was clearly one of the greatest of Indonesian states. Its Islamised successors looked back upon it with pride and attempted to depict themselves as its dynastic successors. In the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, the influence of Majapahit throughout the archipelago began to decline.
In particular, the landforms and climate of the region had important implications not only for agriculture and trade, but for state formation as well. Java has a chain of volcanic mountains forming an east–west spine along the island. Further mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation. These rice lands of Java are among the richest in the world. The main avenues of communication in Java were the rivers, of which there are many relatively short ones.
But two major states clearly dominated this period: Majapahit in East Java and Malacca in Malaya. The former was the greatest of the pre-Islamic states of Indonesia; the latter was probably the greatest of the Muslim trading empires. Together they symbolise the transitional state of Indonesia in these centuries. Other states, such as the new Sultanate of Pasai, have left too little evidence to support historical reconstruction. Before looking at Majapahit and Malacca, some of the general characteristics of pre-colonial Indonesian states must be considered.
A History of Modern Indonesia Since c.1200 by M.C. Ricklefs