By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Vol. III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries
8 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES III souls therewith. im Arabic and thus enable him to preach the Christian doctrine and attempt to refute Islam in the countries beyond the sea. Thrice he crossed the western Mediterranean to the sultanate of Tunisia, where he engaged himself in perilous discussions with the shaikhs of Islam. During his first and second trips, he was able to formulate the terms of his debate with them in his treatise called Disputatio Raymundi Christiani et Hamar Saraceni, 12 but he was deported by the lenient Moslem governor after a period of captivity.
In Greek] (Athens, 1913); and J. W. Barker, Manuel II Palaeologus (/39/- 1425): A Study in Late Byzantine Statesttumship (New Brunswick, 1969). For Boucicault's expedltions, see especially Livre des faits du Marechal Bouc/caut, ed. J. F. Michaud and B. Poujoulat, inNor~velle collect/on des memoires pour servlr lll'histoire de France, II (Paris, 1836), 205- 232 . , Vll; Athens, 19S3); also the articles in Creek and French by R. Guilland on Constantine XI, such as "Les Appell de Constantin XI Paleologuc a Rome et AVenice," Byzantilloslavica, XIV (19S3), 226- 244 ; see also S.
Nicopolis was built on a fortified hill ovE;rlooking the Danube to the north and a vast plain to the south. It was surrounded by double walls and invulnerable towers, and was impossible for the crusaders to take by storm, so they decided to lay siege to it. Although the Venetians had agreed to provide naval support for the crusade, their flotilla never came near Nicopolis. The grand master Philibert of Naillac, however, did appear with a contingent of Hospitallers. The siege lasted fifteen days.
A History of the Crusades, Vol. III: The Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard