By Elizabeth Rose
Americans this present day dwell with conflicting rules approximately day care. We criticize moms who decide on to not remain at domestic, yet we strain girls on welfare to depart their young ones in the back of. We realize some great benefits of early adolescence schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct until eventually youngsters input kindergarten. our youngsters are necessary, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly woman group which cares for them. we aren't quite yes if day care is hazardous or worthwhile for kids, or if moms may still quite be within the crew. to higher know how now we have arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.A Mother's task is the 1st booklet to supply such an exploration. as a result research of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day deal with households and services from the overdue 19th century throughout the postwar prosperity of the Nineteen Fifties. Drawing on richly distinctive files created through social employees, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.How did day care switch from a charity for negative unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known want of normal households by way of 1960? This publication lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social staff who administered it. We see day care during the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care provider in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.This quantity will attract someone attracted to knowing the roots of our present day care predicament, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all concerns during which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social background, women's background, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come upon a lot beneficial details during this well-written publication.
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Extra info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (1999)
33 Nurseries sprouted up in different neighborhoods to serve different sections of Philadelphia’s working class. 34 Rows of brick or frame two-story dwellings surrounding the mills housed the families of English, Scotch, Welsh, and Irish immigrants and their descendants. S. 36 Two-thirds of the mothers ap- 20 Establishing Day Care, 1890 –1930 plying to the Baldwin Day Nursery in the 1910s and 1920s worked in factories, the highest rate of industrial employment of any of the nurseries for which information is available.
78 Indeed, Beer, herself a day nursery board member in New York City, criticized wealthy women who turned their own children over to nurses and servants, but gladly accepted the invitation to be part of a day nursery board. As Beer pointed out, serving on a day nursery board had a social function that went beyond an individual woman’s concern with the plight of poor children. She explained, “As a rule, a Day Nursery Board is a close corporation bound together by ties of family and acquaintances.
108 We can speculate that nurseries founded by African-American women (such as the Women’s Union Day Nursery) were less troubled by fears of women going out to work, but unfortunately the few records that have survived do not provide much evi- 30 Establishing Day Care, 1890 –1930 dence of the founders’ attitudes or the nursery’s policies. Supporters of day nurseries frequently felt the need to prove that the existence of the nurseries was not a factor encouraging women to leave their children to take up wage work.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (1999) by Elizabeth Rose