By Douglas Walton
This paintings takes an analytical examine the philosophical inspiration of fallacy and offers an updated critique of its usefulness for argumentation reports.
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Extra resources for A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy (Studies in Rhetoric and Communication)
Illicit Dialectical Shifts 120 9. Double Deceptions 123 10. Mixed Dialogues 126 Chapter Five: Argumentation Schemes 130 1. Presumptive Reasoning 132 2. Case-Based Reasoning 134 3. Verbal Classification 137 4. Causal Reasoning 140 5. Commitment-Based Reasoning 143 6. Rule-Based Reasoning 146 7. Position-to-Know Reasoning 149 8. Source Indicators Reasoning 152 9. Practical Reasoning 155 10. Gradualistic Reasoning 158 Page ix Chapter Six: Dialectical Relevance of Argumentation 162 1. A Classic Case Introduced 164 2.
In this book, however, it is shown why this view defines only a necessary condition, or an approximation thereto, and not a sufficient definition of the concept of fallacy. More needs to be added to it, to make it the basis of a useful program for the analysis of fallacies. It is argued that the Amsterdam definition of fallacy falls short of drawing the important distinction between a fallacy and a blunder in argumentation, the latter being a less serious type of error. The Amsterdam view is limited to just one type of dialogue that is vitally important in defining the concept of fallacythe critical discussion.
See Kapp (1942) and Evans (1977). Thus the concept of fallacy as the use of an instrumental technique for carrying out goals in an argumentative interpersonal exchangeone that has fallen short of the right way of realizing a goalwas familiar to the Greek conception of applied logic, but it was not a concept that Page 3 survived in the treatments of the modern logic textbooks. In chapter 8, a new analysis to replace this ancient concept of a fallacy is givenan analysis that is stated in the context and language of recent developments in argumentation theory.
A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy (Studies in Rhetoric and Communication) by Douglas Walton