A Preface to Logic by Morris R. Cohen PDF

By Morris R. Cohen

Over the last centuries the sphere of good judgment has built at an explosive speed into new parts a ways faraway from the normal syllogism and formal facts. the aim of this recognized introductory therapy is to chart, in actual fact and lucidly, this new area of modern-day enormously subtle common sense. writer Morris R. Cohen explores "the outer edge of good judgment, the family members of common sense to the remainder of the universe, the philosophical presuppositions which offer good judgment its which means, and the functions which offer it importance."
Beginning with an exploration of the normal scope of common sense because the medium of formal proofs, the textual content pursues a contemporary research of the connection among good judgment and the brain, common sense and speech, common sense in metaphor and fiction―and most importantly, good judgment and the concept that of summary reasoning as utilized to the empirical global. extra issues contain good judgment and statistical technique, chance, and medical versions. Concise and hugely readable, this quantity is acceptable for school undergraduates and different readers attracted to common sense. 1944 version.

Show description

Read or Download A Preface to Logic PDF

Best logic & language books

Download e-book for iPad: The Law of Non-Contradiction by Graham Priest

The legislation of Non-Contradiction -- that no contradiction might be precise -- has been a probably unassailable dogma because the paintings of Aristotle, in booklet G of the Metaphysics. it really is an assumption challenged from numerous angles during this number of unique papers. Twenty-three of the world's top specialists examine the "law," contemplating arguments for and opposed to it and discussing methodological matters that come up every time we query the legitimacy of logical ideas.

Download e-book for kindle: Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning by Gary Kemp

Gary Kemp offers a penetrating research of key matters within the philosophy of language, through a comparative learn of 2 nice figures of overdue twentieth-century philosophy. as far as language and which means are involved, Willard Van Orman Quine and Donald Davidson are typically considered as birds of a feather.

Download e-book for kindle: Oxford Guide to Effective Argument and Critical Thinking by Colin Swatridge

How do you method an essay or dialogue query? How do you assessment what claims others have made and provide counter-claims? and the way do you weigh up the strengths and weaknesses of your personal argument prior to placing jointly a persuasive end? This obtainable e-book takes you step-by-step in the course of the artwork of argument, from considering what to write down and the way you may write it, to the way you might enhance your claims, and the way to come back to a powerful end.

Extra resources for A Preface to Logic

Example text

If, for example, Happitum had serious side-effects, then it may be more sensible to endure sea-sickness rather than risk ill-health from the drug. Or maybe there are techniques for combating sea-sickness (for example, staying on deck and breathing deeply), which are likely to be effective, and which are less unpleasant than taking a drug. 40 evaluating reasoning Here is another example: New drugs have been developed which can combat the body’s tendency to reject transplanted organs. In the past, most of the deaths which have occurred shortly after heart transplant operations have been due to rejection.

But we know that quite a number of people still smoke, because we see them doing so; and the argument only needs to establish that some people still smoke, despite knowing the dangers. The second reason – that everyone must know the effects of smoking – is more difficult to assess. We observed that it depends upon an assumption that the publicity about the dangers of smoking has been absorbed by everyone. Perhaps one way to find out if this is so would be to interview smokers in order to discover whether they believe that smoking is dangerous to health.

Self-respecting psychologists would not be prepared to draw a firm conclusion without carrying out an appropriate further test. Here is another example in which one of the reasons has been left unstated: When cigarette advertising is banned, cigarette manufacturers save the money they would otherwise have spent on advertising. Thus, in order to compete with each other, they reduce the price of cigarettes. So, banning cigarette advertising leads to an increase in smoking. Before reading further, think about the reasoning in this passage.

Download PDF sample

A Preface to Logic by Morris R. Cohen

by Christopher

Rated 4.92 of 5 – based on 8 votes