By A. T. Williams
On 15 September 2003 Baha Mousa, a lodge receptionist, used to be killed via British military troops in Iraq. He were arrested the day past in Basra and used to be taken to an army base for wondering. For forty-eight hours he and 9 different blameless civilians had their heads encased in sandbags and their wrists certain by means of plastic handcuffs and were kicked and punched with sustained cruelty.
A succession of guards and informal military viewers took excitement in beating the Iraqis, humiliating them, forcing them into pressure positions in temperatures as much as 50 levels Centigrade, and staring at them undergo within the soiled concrete construction the place they have been held. different squaddies, officials, medics, the padre, didn't participate in the violence yet they observed what was once taking place and did not anything to prevent it. a few knew it was once mistaken. a few weren't certain. a few have been too scared to interfere. yet none stated whatever or sufficient until eventually it used to be some distance too overdue and Baha Mousa were crushed to death.
This publication tells the interior tale of those crimes and their aftermath. It examines the institutional brutality, the bureaucratic apathy, the improper army police inquiry and the farcical court docket martial that tried to carry humans criminally liable. even if a whole public inquiry suggested its findings into the crimes in September 2011, its mandate limited what it might say. the total tale, advised with the ability of a true-crime divulge or court-room drama, indicates how this was once no longer easily a few few undesirable males or 'rotten apples'. It shines a mild on all these eager about the crime and its research, from the bottom squaddie to the elite of the military and politicians in cupboard. What it unearths is devastating.
The Orwell Prize (2013)
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Extra info for A Very British Killing: The Death of Baha Mousa
Saith D a r i u s the King: F o r this reason we are called A c h a e m e n i a n s . F r o m l o n g a g o we have b e e n n o b l e . F r o m long a g o o u r family h a d b e e n kings. Saith D a r i u s the king: VIII of our family (there are) who were kings afore; I a m the ninth; IX in s u c c e s s i o n we have b e e n kings. ( D B I S J I - + * ) A genealogy of this sort thus allows us in principle to reach far back in time, to the very beginnings of Achaemenid history, when Persia was still in Persis.
Then, reassured by the magi, Astyages sent Cyrus to Persia, where he rejoined his family. 123-130). " He adds that he knows three other versions of the origins of Cyrus. " A third version, preserved by Nicolaus of Damascus, who doubtless got it from Ctesias, has as Cyrus's father Atradates, a Mardian, a member of one of the most abject tribes of the Persian people. Cyrus's father practiced banditry and his mother, Argoste, raised goats. According to "the Median custom," the young Cyrus was "given" to a rich and exalted personage, Artembares, to take care of.
The evidentiary confusion is such that doubts exist as to the reality of the Median marriage of Cambyses, father of Cyrus, inasmuch as it could offer a convenient ideological justification for the power of Cyrus in Media and even in Lydia. This is a motif found elsewhere in Herodotus, used to ex plain the first contacts between Cyrus and Amasis of Egypt and then the conquests led by Cambyses (III. 1-3). It seems clear that in most cases it is actually a dynastic justifica tion invented post eventum.
A Very British Killing: The Death of Baha Mousa by A. T. Williams