By Ze'ev Maghen
Islam prides itself on being “the faith of facility”. Muslim resources are unanimous in assigning to Judaism the function of counterweight during this regard, announcing it a process of “burdens and shackles” wherein the Jews “oppressed their souls”. This neat polarity either fueled, and was once the fabricated from, a desirable reciprocal method: even as that sharî'a was once being created within the detrimental photograph of halakha, halakha was once being retroactively re-imagined through Muslim jurists and exegetes because the antipode of sharî'a . even though scholarly stories of the intertexture of Islam and Judaism abound, few have touched upon the Muslim tradition’s notion and usage of Jewish legislation, and none has performed so extensive. This e-book goals to fill that lacuna and extra our realizing of the age-old embody and grapple among the 2 faiths.
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Extra resources for After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim Moderation
73:20: lan tuhsühu ("you will not be able to calculate it/ manage it"), even has Allah abrogate the night prayer already in Mecca, in anticipation of the difficulties He knows it will eventually occasion in Madlna (where believers are going to be occupied in jihäd and will need to be fresh for battle in the morning - see Ahmad b. Nür al-Dln 'All b. Hajar al-'Asqalänl, Fath al-Bänbi-Sharh Sahlh al-Bukhärl[Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1970], 1:460). 15 19:12 32 2. Clemency as Policy Many similar instances of later divine decrees overturning earlier ones may be found throughout the sources, almost invariably connected to perceived contradictions in scripture.
I am," he replied. " she pressed on. " H e is," confirmed the Prophet. "If s o , " continued the woman, "then you are a liar. " So saying, she stormed off - and Muhammad wept. O n a different occasion, passing by a group of bereaved women after Badr, Allah's Apostle declared: " A n y mother who has lost three sons in battle, will go straight to the Garden of E d e n ! " O n e woman turned to him with tears in her eyes and queried, " O Messenger of G o d ! - and if she lost only t w o ? " Muhammad immediately melted: "Yes, of course: two as well, two as w e l l .
Hiyal aren't really rukhas, but they do share a common impetus, and the terminology of makhraj/makhdrij is often found in connection with the alleviative enterprise as well. 15 19:12 N a s k h , Rukhsa and the Incubation of Islamic L a w 37 burden upon y o u , " the Q u r ' ä n regularly reassures the believers ( Q . 5:6). 2:185). 2 6 " G o d the Exalted did not send me to sow difficulties or cause vexation," testified the Prophet. " 2 7 Because, in the final analysis, "Allah imposes ligious and political authorities who resist the enforcement of the strict letter of the law on many occasions.
After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim Moderation by Ze'ev Maghen